Behavioral scientists use Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs as a model to explain just about everything in life. The theory goes something like this: a person’s most basic needs must be met (food and shelter) before they can afford the luxury of contemplating higher matters (does a career in actuarial science really satisfy their soul.) This theory is handily summarized by a layered triangle image. The most basic or minimal need is on the bottom tier, ranging to the most complex or optimal at the top.
Let’s apply the model to public transportation.
Riding a bus or train is a crap-shoot. As anyone who takes public transportation regularly will tell you, the rider’s misery level is dependent on the seating options.